2017 J.S. Gravenstein Award Winner - James Philip

The 2017 J. S. Gravenstein Award for lifetime achievement in the area of technology in anesthesia will be presented to Dr. James Philip. He will be presenting a keynote talk at the 2017 STA Annual Meeting, at noon, January 13, 2017.  

Dr. Philip is recognized for his numerous major contributions to technological aspects of the practice of anesthesiology, encompassing monitoring, therapy, and educational simulation.

The award is named for J. S. "Nik" Gravenstein, MD, a founding member and former president of the STA. For over thirty years, Dr. Gravenstein has been a driving force in advancing anesthesia technology, patient simulation and anesthesia patient safety. His lifelong commitment to developing and teaching anesthesia technology embodies the values of the Society.  Dr. Gravenstein passed away in 2009.

Read more about Dr. Philip’s contributions

James Philip ME(E), MD, CCE has made numerous major contributions to the technological aspects of the practice of anesthesiology, encompassing monitoring, therapy, and simulation.  He has done this by publishing, patenting, and creating products to fill patient care, patient monitoring, and caregiver education needs.  The most important inventions, patents, and products are the following.


Lifewatch™ CO2 Monitor - PI leader created and licensed the first clinically successful CO2 monitor - Life-Watch™, which provided continuous CO2 monitoring in the Perkin Elmer multi-room multi-gas mass spectrometer.  Co-inventor was Daniel Raemer Ph.D.

Vigilance Continuous Cardiac Output (CCO) Monitor - Invented, published, and patented, Continuous Cardiac Output. This is the multi-frequency thermodilution measurement mathematics and patent used in the Edwards Vigilance® CCO Monitor later introduced by Mark Yelderman of Interflow Inc., and arguably still the reference method for CCO.  Co-inventor was Ronald Newbower.

Smart Alarms monitoring for change – PI leader created early Smart Alarms (in PPG Gas Monitor) and Alert Zones (in Ohmeda Central Display ) detecting changes in vital signs to alert clinicians of a change in patient state.

Instant Timer to quickly assess the rate of occurrence of observed events. Created and patented a manual entry rate calculator for HR, RR, IV drip, and any other rate. The Master Medical Instant Timer™ later used this technique.


InfusOR Pump - PI leader developed the first Bolus plus Infusion pump for intravenous drug administration in the Baxter-Bard InfusOR Syringe Pump. This pump which included magnetically applied drug label with nominal settings and dose limits remained on the world market for 25 years.  Co-inventor was Daniel Raemer.

Pressure Infuser for clinical liquids – Invented and published the high-pressure-squeeze constant pressure liquid infuser for IV, hysteroscopic, and other high-flow liquid infusions used in ORs and ERs around the world. Originally published in Anesthesia & Analgesia and awarded republication in the Yearbook of Emergency Medicine. Co-author was Beverly Philip.

IV pump to monitor for IV extravasation  - Invented, published, and patented, the hydraulic resistance measurement in the IVAC (later Alaris, Cardinal Health, Carefusion, now Becton Dickenson) Signature Edition™ Infusion Pump that detects fluid extravasation by monitoring hydraulic resistance. Product developers were Bob Butterfield and Walt Bochenko. The hydraulic resistance measurement technique was used to monitor liquid flux in avascular necrosis of the hip and led to Philip and co-authors receiving the Stinchfield Award in Orthopedic Surgery.



Gas Man® Computer Simulation - Author of Gas Man® computer simulation, textbook, workbook, learning environment and president of the non-profit corporation that has taught kinetics of inhaled anesthetics since 1985. His teaching includes workshops in many countries and national and international meetings including ASA, ESA, NAVAt, SAARC, WCA., as well as workshops in many countries, presented by Gas Man users.  Gas Man computer simulation pictures and graphs were used by J. S. Gravenstein in his textbooks and continue to be used by other authors to teach inhalation kinetics. On-going co-developer is Hal M. Franklin.

Dr. Philip as a founding member of the Society for Technology in Anesthesia (STA) and served as its president 1999-2000. He was mentored by J. S. Gravenstein during his early career. Dr. Philip is an anesthesiologist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Professor of Anaesthesia at Harvard Medical School.

Medical Products by James Philip

1. Craven W, Reder J, Philip JH. Electromyograph Model 1510. Waltham: Hewlett Packard, l966.

9. Philip JH. Brigham and Women's Hospital Special Narkomed 2. Telford PA: North American Draeger, 1980.

17. Constant Pressure Fluid Infuser by multiple manufacturers 1986 –.

2. Patton K, Riddle HS, Philip JH. Analog to digital converter Model 5610. Waltham:  Hewlett Packard, l967.

10. Arnold J, Philip JH. Physiologic Monitor 2000. Paramus: Datascope, 1981.

18. Philip JH. Hydraulic Resistance Measurement to Detect IV infiltration with Model 560 Pump.  San Diego:  IVAC, 1987, later Alaris, Cardinal Health, Carefusion, Becton-Dickenson (BD).

3. Philip JH. Defibrillator energy output computer Model 4654. Waltham: Hewlett Packard, l968. Biotek, then Fluke Biomedical QED-6 through present.

11. Philip JH. Event Rate Calculator. In: Temp-Plus. San Diego: IVAC, 1982. Conmed as Instant Timer™ 1994.

19. Spraker T., Philip JH. Central Display (CD) Anesthesia Delivery System, Madison:  Ohmeda, 1993.

4. Philip JH. ICU computer keyboard Model 5664. Waltham: Hewlett Packard, 1969.

12. Bochenko W, Philip J. Vital Check Blood Pressure Monitor, San Diego: IVAC, 1982.

20. Philip JH, Newbower RS. Continuous Thermodilution Cardiac Output – Vigilance™ Monitor. Baxter Edwards, 1993. Later Edwards LifeSciences

5. Philip JH. Patient selector for multiple-patient EKG recording Model 1519. Waltham: Hewlett Packard, 1970.

13. Butterfield R, Bochenko W, Philip JH. Variable Pressure Volumetric Infusion Pump Model 560. San Diego: IVAC, 1982.

21. Philip JH., Butterfield R. Continuous Hydraulic Resistance Monitoring IV Pump.  IVAC Signature Pump.  San Diego:  IVAC 1995 -.

6. Philip JH. CompSYM - A computer simulator for production testing of HP-IB (Hewlett-Packard Interface Bus) later to be called GPIB (General Purpose Interface Bus) and IEEE-488. Waltham: Hewlett Packard, 1971.

14. Wood WW, Spraker T, Philip JH. Oracle Anesthesia Machine I. Madison: Ohmeda, 1984 (Target Date 1990).

22. Philip JH.  Gas Man® Computer Simulation and Text. Chestnut Hill: Med Man Simulations, 1982.

7. Wong J, Philip JH. Capnograph 47210A. Waltham: Hewlett Packard. 1976.

15. Raemer DB, Philip JH. Lifewatch™ Continuous Qualitative CO2 Monitor.  

Pasadena: Perkin Elmer, 1985.

23. CRISI Medical, later BD, Intelliport Bolus injection identification and measurement, 2015. Bochenko, Prince, Philip as Scientific Advisor.
8. Arnold J, Spraker T, Philip JH. Datatrac Automated Anesthesia Recording System.  Paramus: Datascope, 1978

16. Raemer DB, Philip JH. InfusOR infusion pump, Baxter-Bard, 1986 – 2014.